Thursday, August 27, 2020

A study on the difficulties in teaching and learning English speaking to non-English major freshmen at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry (HUI) Essays

An investigation on the troubles in instructing and learning English addressing non-English major first year recruits at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry (HUI) Essays An investigation on the challenges in instructing and learning English addressing non-English major green beans at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry (HUI) Paper An examination on the challenges in educating and learning English addressing non-English major green beans at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry (HUI) Paper An examination on the challenges in educating and learning English addressing non-English major green beans at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry (HU) BY datsY27101989 CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY OF STUDY PROJECT REPORT TITLE: An investigation on the troubles in instructing and learning English addressing non-English major rookies at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry (HOI) Date of accommodation: 16/05/2013 Name: VO THI KIM COC Supervisors Name: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Hung Tien Tutors Name : Le Huong Hoa, M. A l guarantee that this work is altogether my own and has not been acknowledged as a major aspect of an accommodation to another reason somewhere else. Marked: Word length: words Acknowledgments This investigation has been finished with the assistance and backing of numerous individuals. In this manner, I am thankful to every one of them. Above all, I wish to give my exceptional affirmation to Mr. Le Hung Tien, my boss, who has made a noteworthy commitment to the achievement of this examination. He formed me on the way toward being a free specialist. I additionally might want to give my a debt of gratitude is in order for Ms. Le Huong Hoa, my guide. Dear Ms. Hoa, thank you for your underlying thoughts of the examination point and your help during the time I was directing the exploration. You have contributed a great deal of vitality and important time guiding and remedying my examination. Without your assistance and backing, I would experience been in much difficulty finishing my examination. Working with you, I have taken in a great deal of important information and encounters in doing investigate. Moreover, I might want to Mrs. Dinh Thi Hoa, instructor of Faculty of Foreign Languages at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry, who offered me guidance on my investigation. Her recommendation and direction helped me defeat troubles while I was executing the examination. No affirmation would be finished without expressing gratitude toward my folks who consistently nspired me such a great amount in completing this examination. I additionally need to offer affirmation to my companions who invested their energy to assist me with breaking down my paper and give smart remarks. List of chapters SUPERVISORS REMARKS Grade: Supervisor Assoc. Prof. Dr. Le Hung Tien ABSTRACT The exploration did under the title An investigation on the troubles in educating and learning English addressing non-English major first year recruits at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry. The hindrances in educating and picking up talking aptitude are studied in some chosen classes and saw by the specialist. Meetings are likewise sorted out o get strengthening results for the surveys. All the quantitative and subjective techniques are passed on to get information for the examination. As the outcome, instructors and understudies have various troubles in educating and getting the hang of talking ability. In classes, the instructors overviewed meet troubles with the enormous size of classes, studentslow inspiration, studentsinsuffcient English skill, etc while understudies meet hindrances, for example, troublesome exercises, educators unsatisfactory showing techniques, and the concerns of committing errors. In synopsis, all the challenges begin from objective and abstract reasons. The method of reasoning of the investigation: Nowadays, English assumes a significant job in the general public. The quantity of individuals English talking is turning out to be prevalently. Talking ability is one of the unavoidable aptitudes in learning English. Penny Ur (1996:120) noted, Speaking appears to be naturally the most significant in four fundamental abilities. Actually, through talking, individuals can communicate their assessments, reach others individuals, build up compatibility. In some circumstance, we utilize English addressing give guidelines or to complete things. That is additionally a motivation behind why today an ever increasing number of individuals figure out how to communicate in English. The greater part of the students of English concur that the capacity to communicate unreservedly in correspondence is the incredible significance for their future profession, particularly in current social orders where reaching with outsiders frequently happens. Be that as it may, there still exist numerous challenges in learning and showing English in Vietnam by and large and at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry (HOI) specifically. Numerous Vietnamese students can compose and peruse English very well however they can't talk it accurately and easily, all things considered, correspondence. Without a doubt, there are numerous purposes behind this reality. In the wake of educating the non-English major tudents particularly rookies at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry for certain years, I have perceived some huge snags which forestall English language instructors and students in Vietnam from accomplishing their points. These impediments are: huge and heterogeneous classes, understudies low degree of English language capability, understudies low inspiration and some others. Lamentably, this isn't just the circumstance in these colleges yet in addition the case for some different schools and colleges in Vietnam. This has given me the craving to lead An examination on the troubles in educating and of Industry 2. Points of the examination: The exploration researches the truth of educating and learning English talking aptitude to non-English major first year recruits at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry. The principle objective of the exploration is to distinguish the troubles of instructor and understudies when they manage talking ability. 3. Examination inquiries of the investigation: 1 . What are the challenges of instructor at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry when showing English addressing non-English major first year recruits? 2. What are the challenges of non-English major first year recruits at Ho Chi Minh University of Industry when learning the English talking? 4. The extent of the investigation: Educating and learning the English talking expertise is a wide field for research. In the extent of this investigation because of the constrained time and information, the examination centers around troubles in educating and learning English addressing the main year understudies of non-English major at HI-Jl. 5. Techniques for the examination: To fullflll the above points, the agent has picked both subjective and quantitative strategies for the investigation. Information for investigation are increased through the accompanying sources: Survey polls: this technique is utilized to discover the troubles the instructor and first-year understudies of non-English major at Ho Chi Minh College of Industry when they learn and show English talking. The polls are valuable for getting information of the mentalities and practices of the instructors and students when confronting these challenges. It is extremely advantageous for the critical in getting increasingly subjective information by drawing nearer to the objects of the investigation. In addition, perception done by the specialist is prompting progressively target information and open new viewpoint of the investigation. 6. Structure of the investigation: This minor examination comprises of two sections: Part An INTRODUCTION: expresses the method of reasoning, points, research questions, the extension, ethod and plan of the examination. Part B-DEVELOPMENT: incorporates three sections: Chapter I - LITERATURE REVIEW: gives hypothetical foundation that is applicable to the reason for the investigation. Section II - METHODOLOGY: presents the system of the examination including the exploration setting, strategies for study, research plan. Part Ill - FINDINGS AND DISCUSSION: manages the information examination of two surveys intended for English educators and non-English major rookies to discover their challenges in instructing and picking up talking ability. PART S: DEVELOPMENT 1. 1. Speaking Skill: 1. 1. 1 . Ideas of Speaking: Speaking is the profitable, oral expertise. Talking comprises of creating deliberate verbal expressions to pass on significance (articulations are just things individuals state). As per Carter David Nunans book (2001 :19), talking is an intuitive procedure of building implying that includes delivering and accepting and handling data and it is frequently unconstrained, open-finished and developing, however it isn't totally eccentric. Talking is crucial to human correspondence. Diverse phonetics has various ideas of talking yet they are generally concurring with this thought. Earthy colored additionally characterizes in her book talking as a procedure of building implying that includes creating, getting and handling data, (1994:241). In Brown and Yules sentiments in encouraging the Spoken Language book (1983:236), communicated in language comprises of short, fragmentary expressions in a scope of articulation. For the most part, there is a lot of reiteration and cover between one speaker and another. Speaker generally utilizes vague references. They additionally include that communicated in language is made by utilizing the inexactly sorted out grammar, and vague words, expressions and channels, for example, Oh, well, uhuh, and so on. An extensive conversation of the idea of talking is given by Bygate (1991 59), who demonstrates that so as to have the option to communicate in an unknown dialect, it is clearly important to have miniaturized scale phonetic abilities, that is, to see some language, jargon and the guidelines overseeing how words are assembled to frame sentences. Be that as it may, these engine keen abilities, as Bygate calls them, are not adequate since while delivering sentences, we frequently need to adjust them to the conditions. He at that point presents the second arrangement of talking aptitudes: the cooperation abilities, which include utilizing information and fundamental engine erception aptitudes in choosing what to state and how to state it, while keeping up the proposed connection with others. 1. 1. 2. The Role and Status of Speaking in Language Learning and Teaching: As it was inferred in the presentation, the ability of talking has been as of late considered by numerous methodologists a need in language educating. Of all the four abilities, Ur (1996: 120) finishes up, talking appears to be naturally the mos

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Tesla roadster Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Tesla roadster - Essay Example These assets are united under authority. This movement all works under the limitations of time. There are settled upon rules for the deliberate working of society. These guidelines are enforceable. A model is the stock that is gas. There must be rules for security. Various purviews will have to some degree various rules. The final product will be the equivalent. A thing is never liable for an activity or in real life. This truth of activity is at the core of the advantages and duties of possession. This law viewpoint sets the parameters for all that will follow in the dynamic procedure. This gives the decision of having an ownership or organization. Or on the other hand we may decide to have a company. The company might be open or it might be private. This lawful plan establishes the pace for the inflow of fund and financial matters. Money is the paste that makes business conceivable. This region manages the administration of assets. Stock outcomes in the utilization of assets to procure it. In money there is the additional necessity of protection. This is an insurance of assets in case of misfortune. This region manages the administration of rare assets. There are restricted HR. There is restricted assets and space. The items available to be purchased are restricted. Obviously there is a period limit. The business needs to work with the end goal of bookkeeping periods. The stock itself is a rare asset. There are numerous methodologies. One of them is to think about the progression of cash as made up of four sections. There is the stream to land as lease, at that point the stream to work as wages, next is the stream to capital as intrigue lastly the stream to enterprise as benefits. Another methodology is to consider the business exercises with five sections. There is fund, showcasing, creation, work and innovative work. This is a mainstream and much of the time exceptionally accommodating while thinking about business movement.

Friday, August 21, 2020

The Templates Provided by the Writers

The Templates Provided by the WritersAre you aware of the fact that provides templates to its writers for free? In case you are not familiar with this site, it is a website that helps you in getting the best quality content on your website. Besides, they also provide you some great templates which you can use for free and can be modified easily. The templates are a great help to you as they can help you in writing a unique article that will surely grab the attention of the readers.So, if you are looking for a web content writer for your business, you should try to get in touch with the writers. Though, the writers are well experienced, but this doesn't mean that they cannot write anything that you may want them to write. The writers have some amazing experience in writing quality articles that can help you build your website or business. Their work can be more effective if they are allowed to add their persona l touch to it. So, don't waste your time anymore as they are only there to make your task easy and hassle free.You can find plenty of templates to choose from in this website. You can get the best quality, which are easy to use and can be modified easily. They can work for you for long periods as there are a lot of templates provided by them. You can get the custom research papers that you always wanted to see.These templates have all the information about the websites and can help you in creating a list of your own. If you want to create a list on your own, you can use these templates too. The templates are also very informative as they can teach you how to write good content to attract the visitors on your website. You can even use these templates to your advantage so that you can sell your product online.Before, we move on to the templates, let us first know what information you need to include in your website. The main aim of using these templates is to get the right information for your customers. It is always better to use the information from the research papers to create a unique template for your website.These days, the writers have not only created great templates but also created guides for users. These guides are very useful for both the experienced and the novice web designers. This is the main reason why they continue to provide free templates for everyone. Not only these, you can also use them to create your own template. So, who knows, you may end up saving money from purchasing the templates that are available online.On the other hand, these free templates can be easily downloaded from their website as the writers from this website have already been through the process of creating quality templates. They know what can be used for the website and what can be added and removed from the template.While creating the website, you can just use these templates. You can still add your own content to it. This is the only way tha t you can get the complete idea of what the template is actually capable of.

Monday, May 25, 2020

The U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War - 2257 Words

Sukvasa (Bew) Kornniti Ms. April Slagle World History and Geography 2 7 March 2014 How did the US involvement in the Vietnam War Impacted the US Socially, Economically, and Globally? The Vietnam War was one of the most outrageous and long-drawn out wars in history. The other name for the Vietnam War was called Cold-Era proxy War. The war had been battled in order to stop the spread of invasion from communism in the southern parts of Vietnam. The American played the role of a supporter to the southern part of Vietnam, trying to prevent communist from approaching the southern part of Vietnam. The Americans was influenced by the French government to help with the war. France did not support communism due to their loss to the communist†¦show more content†¦Again, the United States have learned a lesson from the Vietnamese feared rebellions happening in the United States among themselves again. To prevent that from happening, America actions and understanding were based on the media and information being delivered appropriately by the government of the country . The Vietnam War did not only have caused unrest among the United States civilians, but the war resulted in the depreciation of America’s economy. Due to the war’s demands in supplies, there were enormous amounts of negative imbalances in the industrial sector. Industries that manufacture goods such as agricultural products, capital goods, and consumer goods have been prevented from manufacturing the product to meet the population’s needs. ( The Factories were unable to manufacture goods and ship it to their people. This is because the factories that were trying to manufacture the consumer’s goods had to shift their responsibility towards catering and producing goods to met the demands of the military instead. Additionally, the unnecessary military spending, and the diversion of funds oversea resulted in the depreciation of the United States dollars. There were no equivalent funds or offers coming into the country, so the United States withdrawn themselves from improving their countries areas to military households andShow MoreRelated The U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War Was Justified Essay1759 Words   |  8 PagesThe U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War Was Justified   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The Vietnam conflict has been known for being the most unpopular war in the history of the United States. The war of 1812, the Mexican war and the Korean conflict of the early 1950s were also opposed by large groups of the American people, but none of them generated the emotional anxiety and utter hatred that spawned Vietnam. The Vietnam war caused people to ask the question of sending our young people to die in places where they wereRead MoreThe Vietnam War1402 Words   |  6 Pagesinstability in Vietnam from 1950 to 1975 between the communist North Vietnam and anti-communist South Vietnam during the Cold War era has led to the United States’ inevitable intervention in Vietnam. The main motivators for the United States’ incremental decision to intervene and commitment in Vietnam can be viewed as an accumulation of socio-political, political and economic catalysts. In recognition that there were many other factors that may have contributed to the U. S’s involvement in the conflictRead MoreAmerican Wars Abroad1567 Words   |  7 PagesDuring the Cold War the United States was involved in numerous conflicts overseas. As the Cold War progressed there were occasions where the US extended its participation beyond what was necessary by not acting in a quick and decisive manner. When dealing with crisis or conflict, America must not prolong foreign involvement. The Vietnam War and the Arms Race between the U.S. and the Soviet Union are two instances where America prolonged involvement past what was necessary. Certain aspects of bothRead MoreSocial Movements During The Vietnam War1709 Words   |  7 PagesThroughout history, the majority of U.S. citizens have always supported their country’s involvement in wars because it has always benefitted them through economic booms and unifying effects on the nation. However, one of the most important social movements in American history was the Antiwar Movement, which took place from the 1950s to 1970s but mainly during the 1960s when the U.S. was involved in the Vietnam War (Kowalski). Most protests involved â€Å"teach-ins† at universities or draft card burningsRead MoreWhy Did The Tet Offensive Affect America s Societal Opinion On The Involvement Of The Vietnam War1739 Words   |  7 Pagesthe Tet Offensive of the Vietnam war was launched. The Tet Offensive was a carefully planned military campaign composed of surprise attacks on the republic of Vietnam by the communist parties of North and South Vietnam during the vietnamese holiday, Tet. The Tet offensive, militarily was a massive defeat for the communist parties of Vietnam, however it led to mass disillusionment within the U.S., diminishing public support for the war, inevitably forcing a withdrawal of U.S. troops, therefore it wasRead MoreBob Dylan Vietnam878 Words   |  4 Pagesa time often called the decade of discontent because of demonstrations against the Vietnam War. Americans were divided between patriotism and the desire for peace. Some agreed with President Johnsons involvement in Vietnam for the common goal of eliminating communism, others became entranced in the peace movements that usually involved mass protests. For those who protested American involvement in the longest war they ever took part in, songs of the times were an inspiration, particularly songs ofRead MoreSocial Differences Of The Korean War And Vietnam War826 Words   |  4 Pagescause of many wars. These two major wars, the Korean War and the Vietnam War, not only had serious impact within the country, but also give a prime example of how similar and different between the two. Both wars were commenced similarly from its conflict with expansion of a communist government and the involvement of the United States. Differences came from the involvement of the United Nation and the outcome of both wars. The similarity between the two wars is the the factorRead MoreThe Vietnam War1183 Words   |  5 PagesThe Vietnam War also known as the Second Indochina war took place in December 1956 through April 30 1975 to the fall of Saigon. It is one of the most debatable armed forces combats that the United States of America participated in. The United States involvement the civil war that took place in South Vietnam, North Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos, was characterized by numerous conflicting positions. South Vietnam was supported by United States and other anti-communist countries. The Viet Cong or† NFL†Read MoreThe Vietnam War Cost the U.S. More than Money Essay902 Words   |  4 PagesU.S.A Involvement in Vietnam War Direct U.S. military involvement in The Vietnam War, the nations longest, cost fifty-eight thousand American lives. Only the Civil War and the two world wars were deadlier for Americans. During the decade of Vietnam start in 1964, the U.S Treasury spent over $140 billion on the war, enough money to fund urban regeneration pr ojects in every major American city. In spite of these enormous costs and their accompanying public and private disturbance for the AmericanRead MoreLosing Vietnam On The Home Front1672 Words   |  7 PagesNick Smith U.S. History A Mr. Nance March 23, 2016 Losing Vietnam on the Home-front Forty six years have passed since the United States officially stopped their involvement in Vietnam. Not since the Civil war had the country been so torn. Every American family was impacted, losing husbands, sons, and daughters. Over fifty thousand Americans were killed and many more still suffer deep physical and emotional scars . Veterans took their own lives, were treated as social outcasts, or ended up on

Friday, May 15, 2020

Bullying in Todays Society Essay - 1252 Words

Bullying In Today#8217;s World. Approximately 12, 8-10 year old children commit suicide every year because they are victims of bullying. Whereas 1.3 million children a year bully others. What is bullying? As defined in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, one who hurts or intimidates others. This assault may occur in two principle forms, verbal or physical. There are specific reasons why bullying happens and specific solutions that could help save as many as 12 lives a year. Bullying is generally cruel, malicious, or humiliating behavior towards an individual or even a group of various aged people. It is demeaning and can cause untold stress, anger and suffering to those on the receiving end, which in some cases can lead to†¦show more content†¦People who are being picked on or bullied, have to tell Bullying In Today#8217;s World. Approximately 12, 8-10 year old children commit suicide every year because they are victims of bullying. Whereas 1.3 million children a year bully others. What is bullying? As defined in the Merriam-Webster dictionary, one who hurts or intimidates others. This assault may occur in two principle forms, verbal or physical. There are specific reasons why bullying happens and specific solutions that could help save as many as 12 lives a year. Bullying is generally cruel, malicious, or humiliating behavior towards an individual or even a group of various aged people. It is demeaning and can cause untold stress, anger and suffering to those on the receiving end, which in some cases can lead to suicide. Bullying may occur in both verbal and physical forms. Bullying that does not involve hitting and kicking can be just as damaging as actual full out fighting. Some of the ways verbal bullying occurs are by, name calling, making fun of someone because they are different for example, handicapped or down syndrome children are often tormented because their appearance is unlike that of most of society. Also threatening, making people feel uncomfortable or scared, or making people do things they do not want to do. In support of this, bullies sometimes make the individuals that are being bulliedShow MoreRelatedCyber-bullying Bullying has been happening for generation after generation. Today’s society700 Words   |  3 PagesCyber-bullying Bullying has been happening for generation after generation. Today’s society made possible to bully people without being face to face. This type of bullying is called cyber-bullying. Teenagers uses theirs electronics advices as weapons to attack other people with hurtful things though the use of text messaging or social networking websites. Cyber-bullying can â€Å"damage a person emotionally† (Media). It can also make them have low self-esteem. In our society today, cyber-bullyingRead MoreThe Island in Lord of the Flies by Golding Compared to our World Today552 Words   |  3 PagesResearch shows that half of the children in our world have been or are being bullied. Out of all those children bullied only one out of ten of them will report it. The dictionary defines bullying as â€Å"unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated over timeâ₠¬  (Bully Definition† 1). Bullies have many characteristics such as rivalry, competitive behavior, and aggression. In LordRead MoreThe Suicide Of Canad Teen Suicide1572 Words   |  7 PagesCanada In the modern, technological society we live in today, information can be shared instantaneously. This can usually be seen as a positive, by providing much needed information to the public in times of a crisis, or joyous celebrations of achievements. However, in contrast with the positive aspects there are also negative aspects. Cyber bullying of individuals and incessant harassment of individuals online has become a major problem in societies across the world, leading to suicide of individualsRead MoreBullying And Bullying At School983 Words   |  4 PagesWhen I was a young girl and I would discuss bullying with my parents I always told â€Å"You never let anyone bully you or put their hands on you†. It was a common in my society to hear the statement â€Å"If someone hits you then you hit them back†. Now that I am a mother the thought of those statements still come to mind, when speaking to my children about bullying at school. In today’s society what w e know and understand as bullying does not require a school or playground, these actions take place rightRead MoreTelevision Interview : The Crucible 1118 Words   |  5 Pagesgreat emphasis on his reputation in society. ABC: As in most plays and movies, there are important themes represented. What are some of these in the movie? D: Well, there are several themes that we can relate to even in our modern times, such as themes of intolerance, fear, hysteria, reputation, integrity, greed and jealousy, revenge, pride and authority. ABC: Can you tell us more on some of the themes as it relates to today’s societies? D: ‘The Crucible’, written by ArthurRead MoreHarassment And Bullying On Social Media1568 Words   |  7 PagesHarassment and Bullying on Social Media What is the history of this topic? Since the beginning of time people have always had an instinct for the desire to survive. Through this instinct of survival comes competition, where people feel the need to surpass others to get what they want, which has not changed as humans have evolved (Donegan, 2012, p.34). The aspect of competition occurs in many aspects of our life including in our education, social and economic systems. In the U.S., capitalistic society, we liveRead MoreBullying And Cyberbullying In Backlash By Sarah Darer Littman1233 Words   |  5 Pagescommit suicide. The book follows four character’s point of view and each have a major role in Backlash. The book Backlash by Sarah Darer Littman strongly relates to today’s issues because one of the characters commits suicide and that’s becoming more prevalent each year, the book also has a big focus on cyberbullying and also bullying in general, and it deals with a lot of problems in high school with friends and other issues relating. First of all, suicide is a very common thing, and that’s notRead MoreThe Evolution of Bullying Over the Years882 Words   |  3 Pagesencountered some form of bullying in their lifetime whether they want to admit it or not. It happens to everyone, but to some people it is a regular thing. Bullying has evolved over the years, twenty years ago, the bully would have been the much bigger kids in school, physically bullying a smaller kid. They would even team up to where it was multiple bullies against one kid. While doing my research one thing that kept coming up was that, during the age of â€Å"traditional bullying†, when the victim wouldRead MoreThe Impact Of Technology On Society And Schools1299 Words   |  6 Pagesignorant to think that these types of behaviors are not present in today’s society and schools. The advancement in technology has been beneficial in communicating information to the public; consequently, it has also introduced a new form of harassm ent and intimidation. The world we live in today has increased in violence and is considered to be more dangerous than that of our ancestors. Bullying is present in all aspects of today’s society, and it has the ability to be more detrimental than ever beforeRead MoreThe Social Media And Texting1386 Words   |  6 PagesTake a look around where you are. Everywhere you look people standing around, sitting, phones in hand, typing away. One may ask what it is that has everyone constantly checking their phones and taking up so much time of a busy day: social media. Today’s technology such as social media and texting has come so far and become so advanced communicating is easier than ever. With the help of satellites we can talk to people from every corner of world with just a click of a button. With all this technology

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Athenian and American Systems of Government - 1671 Words

Athens of ancient Greece had perhaps the most advanced system of government of the ancient world. The system of Athens was called a Democracy. That is, every citizen voted on everything. People have claimed that the United States is also a Democracy. This is not true. The government of the United States is a Constitutional Republic (Every). United States citizens vote for representatives, who then vote on the laws. They themselves are limited by a constitution. Democracy is a flawed government system. The Constitutional Republic is also flawed, however, it is better at safeguarding individual rights, when applied correctly. Therefore, a Constitutional Republic is a better system than a Democracy. Athens was one of the largest Greek city†¦show more content†¦Currently, only Congress is directly elected by the people. The President is elected by the Electoral College (US Constitution). Judges for federal courts are appointed by the President; these appointments must be ratifie d by Congress (US Constitution). How judges for state courts are appointed varies from state to state. Laws are debated by Congress. If passed by Congress by a simple majority, the law is given to the president for approval. If the President does not approve of the law, it is given back to Congress for another debate. If it is passed by a two-thirds margin, it goes into effect. (US Constitution). The people do not, at any stage, directly vote on laws. Which system is better, a Democracy or Constitutional Republic? At first, it might seem that Democracy is the better system, as it gives the people a better voice in government. However, Democracy has some serious weaknesses. It enables the majority to totally dominate and oppress the minority (Hospers). As was seen with Socrates, the minority is not protected in a democracy. Because, in a true democracy, there is no check on the power of the masses, it is as if there is no rule save for mob rule. A good orator, such as Alcibiades, arc hitect of the disastrous attack on Syracuse, could manage to sway the masses into making unwise decisions. Perhaps democracys greatest flawShow MoreRelatedThe Democracy Of Ancient Greece And Greek Democracy945 Words   |  4 PagesThe Democracy of Ancient Greece was used heavily in creating modern American Democracy. From the system of creating new laws to the checks and balances that define the American government. The similarities show that the founders of America based the new democratic government on the Ancient Greek democracy that came two millennia earlier. The American government was mainly based of Greek democracy. In 510BCE the Peisistratid tyrants were expelled from Athens which resulted in a power struggle betweenRead MoreThe Founding Fathers Of The United States1705 Words   |  7 PagesBy definition, democracy is a type of political system in which all members share the same level of power, but it is also the framework for the government of multiple countries including the United States of America. Athenian democracy, created near 400 B.C. in Athens, Greece, was a direct system where participating citizens had the opportunity to vote directly on legislative and executive bills. The founding fathers of the United States took the Athenian’s idea and created the idea of â€Å"representativeRead MoreThe Basic Foundation Of Classical Realism996 Words   |  4 Pagesexplain the essential tenets of Thucydides’s balance of power theory especially those found in the Melian Dialogue. Furthermore, the paper will isolate examples of the failure of his system to apply to contemporary issues including international trade and terrorism. Each example illustrates the constrains on American power to dictate the actions of weaker states. The Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta is a case study of great power politics, specifically the theory of classical realism thatRead MoreSpartan Oligarchy1099 Words   |  5 Pagesgrade or quality. And while the Athenian democracy has been able to become somewhat of a staple in modern society, in its time, it was the Spartan’s oligarchic system that allowed them to create such a strong society. It was a society that thrived on its strong political system based around a strong military. It is undeniable that in the time in which they both existed, the Spartan Oligarchy was superior to the Athenian Democracy. The evidence is clear through the system of checks and balances and theRead MoreGovernment in Ancient Greece and Rome Essay example1590 Words   |  7 PagesClassical education is arguably one of the most influential educations in American history. Not only does it allow the student to study great literature of Ancient Greek and Roman writers, but allows them to develop both written and spoken language while learning of great men and their achievements. Without the knowledge of the past, it is impossible to look forward toward the future. To be considered an educated person in today’s society, it is imperative that one possesses an understanding ofRead MoreEssay on Athenian definition of democracy1213 Words   |  5 Pages Discuss the Athenian definition of democracy. Is the city state the only kind of state in which true democracy can exist? What happens to democracy when it is applied to a society with a large dispersed population? What are other examples of democratic societies besides Athens? Compare and contrast Athenian democracy with American democracy. Is the United States a democracy in the classical sense of the word? nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;The ancient Greek word quot;demokratiaquot; was ambiguousRead MorePericles’ Funeral Oration: Athenian Exceptionalism Essay1187 Words   |  5 Pagesto a close. As is customary during war, Athens holds a public funeral to both celebrate and mourn their fallen soldiers. Such ceremonies typically featured an oration given by a respected Athenian – with this year’s coming from renowned statesmen Pericles. Previous orations had focused on celebrating the Athenian military by recounting their trials and accomplishments. Pericles decided to depart from this convention, believing it was no longer novel, nor necessary, â€Å"That part of our history whichRead MoreEssay about The Golden Age of Athens532 Words   |  3 PagesIn 400 B.C, The Athenian civilization experienced a golden age. The Athens experienced a great amount of peace and prosperity due to their contact and trade with others, and rare warring. During this time, ideas and philosophies were produced. These ideas influenced western civilizations in the areas of politics, science, art and architecture. The Government of the Athenian people had a large impact on western civilizations. In document three, Pericles states his beliefs about democracy. PericlesRead MoreSlavery in Sparta vs. Slavery in Athens Essay1563 Words   |  7 Pagesinformation from primary sources may be tainted with exaggeration and bias, it is easy to deduce from primary works the treatment of slaves and the working and living conditions surrounding them. According to many sources, slavery conditions in Ancient Athenian society were far better than those in Sparta. The definition of the word slavery encompasses a vast array of connotations, meanings, and values; in order understand slavery conditions in Athens and Sparta, it is important to decipher exactly whatRead MoreImportance Of The Polis On Ancient Greek Life1608 Words   |  7 Pagesaffairs. The Ancient Greek poleis are among the first recorded democratic governments in the world. The term polis has been translated into city-state as there was typically only one city and because an individual polis was independent from other poleis in terms of political, judicial, legal, religious and social institutions and practices (Cartwright). A polis offered security for its inhabitants and gave organization to government through structure, function and hierarchy. The city of Athens is at

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Immigration Law

Questions: 1. A critical analysis on European Union convention of human right 1950.2. Discuss the relation between European Union Convention of human right 1950 and Immigration Act, 2014. 3. Asylum application For Burain Answers: 1. European Union convention of human right 1950 Introduction: Article 8 of theEuropean Convention on Human Rightsdeclared a right to respect for a persons private and family life, subject to certain limitations according to the law. Right to private life and family life is a basic right of any individual. Sometime state law acts in contravention with the International laws. The Immigration Laws are somehow in contravention with Art 8 of the convention. So this kind of contradiction between laws makes various complicacies. Though the new Immigration Act, 2014 included the provisions which matches the provisions of Art 8 of European Union convention of human right 1950. A critical analysis: Theright to private lifemeans personal independence. This right give the power to take own decision about own life without states interference (Harris, O'Boyle and Warbrick, 1995). This right helps a person to expand personality and to set up associations with others. The right to private life includes the physical and mental reliability of a person, sex life, sexual category, individual data, status, names and photographs (, 2015). The concept offamily lifeincludes the legally recognized ties among the persons who are connected by blood or marriage (Harris, O'Boyle and Warbrick, 1995). Generally we can give main focus on the relation between husband and wife or parents and children or between the siblings. But the relation with grandparents or grandchild or relation with uncle or aunt can also be included. Theright to respect for correspondenceunder article 8 gives emphasis on the right to free and continuous communication. Although the term correspondence might be referred to letters only, but article 8 intent to include the protection to communication through the telephone, parcels, telexes or fax (, 2015). But the rights are not unlimited they are also subject to some restriction according to law. The term in accordance with law mentioned under article 8 of this convention includes some criteria for examination. They are accessibility of law; that law should be foreseeable and the interference must be necessary for the society. Accessibility of law under this purview means that interference to a right under article 8 has to be openly accessible. Citizens have to be able to find information regarding their rights which may be hampered. The law must be foreseen means the language of law must be unambiguous. It must be understood by public. Different case studies make indicate a clear overview about the applicability of Article 8 of European Union convention of human right 1950 (Curtice, 2010). In Smith and Grady v United Kingdom (Smith and Grady v United Kingdom, [1999]) case it was happen that Smith; the petitioner was an employee of the Royal Air Force. In 1994, a lady called the air force authority and alleged that Smith was a lesbian. She also alleged that smith sexually harassed other callers. The authority questioned smith and she admits the fact. The service police asked her to submit details of her sexual life, forced her to disclose the names of her partners and questioned about her HIV status and other particulars. After few months the authority discharged her from the service. The British government accepted that there was an interference with the right to a private life prescribed under Article 8 of European Union convention of human right 1950 (Mowbray, 2007). The court decided the case in the question whe ther such interference was justified or not. The court accepted the fact that the British Government had not give proper evidence and heavy reasons for the investigation of the applicants sexual orientation therefore decided that there was an infringement of the right to a private life described in Article 8 of the European Convention of human right 1950 (WEHMEIER and Press, 2015). In another leading case i.e. Silver and others v. The United Kingdom, (silver and others v. the United Kingdom, [1980]) similar type of matters are decided. In this case the petitioners were prisoners. They alleged that the prison authority intercepted of their letters. They sent letters to their advocates, family members, broadcasting organisation, newspapers, reporters etc. Generally interception of mail violates the right of private life in addition to the right to freedom of expression, but if that act was necessary or not, that was the determining question for this case. Later it was found by the court that some letters contains threats of violence. But court also added that a mere addressing of the mail to reporters or advocate or, human rights authorities, or that the letters discussed abuse in prison could not be measured as necessary (Mowbray, 2007). In a case of Birmingham City Council v. Clue (Birmingham City Council v. Clue, [2010]) it was happened that the woman and his daughter who were the native of Jamaica entered UK as a visitor for 6 months. The object was to visit some relative there. She remained there and also had 3 children of her British partner. She remained there until the relationship was broke down with her partner (, 2015). After that she applied for indefinite leave for herself and her children under Article 8 of European Convention on human rights. During the pendency of the application she applied for financial assistance from Birmingham city council (, 2015). But the council suspended it on the ground that she was unlawfully resides in United Kingdom. It was held that the refusal by Birmingham City Council to supply financial support and accommodation while the immigration request was pending resulted in a infringement of article 8 of the European Convention of Human Rights. Proper inves tigation should be made by the authority before the taking any decision. Illegal immigrants have restricted chance to obtain employment and are hardly ever permitted to public assistance if they are jobless (Bell, 2014). 2. Relation betweenEuropean Union Convention of human right 1950 and Immigration Act, 2014 Section 19 of theImmigration Act 2014uplift some issues which questions about the roles of courts in accordance with human-rights (Elliott, 2014). Section 19 of the 2014 Act introduced a set of new provisions into theNationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 in which courts deal with cases of deportation which are resisted on the ground that the provisions are in contravention to Article 8 of theEuropean Convention on Human Rights (Cvetic, 1987). After several problems the question raises that whether the new Act require UK courts to decide cases in accordance with Art. 8. Definition of a refugee: The definition of a refugee under the 1951 CSR (or the Geneva Convention) under Article 1 was in this manner that refugee is a person who has fear of being harassed for the reason of nationality, religion, caste, creed or political activity. For this reason he is unwilling to return to his home country. Economic migrates are different from refugee. Definition of asylum seeker in UK law: The NIAA, 2002 defines Asylum seeker. A person considered to be an asylum seeker if his age is 18 years or more, he is presents the United Kingdom, the want for asylum has been made by him at a place selected by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of State has recorded the claim. Claim must show that the removal of that person must violate UKs responsibility under the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees done at Geneva on 28th July 1951 and its protocol, or Article 3 of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms settled by the Council of Europe. Thus, the 1951 Convention and the European Convention on Human Rights remain the foundation of UK Asylum laws. EU Qualifications Directive: Even if a person is not allowed to the protection under the Refugee Convention or Article 3 of the ECHR, he can pursue the claim under the broader Qualification Directive. On 9 October 2006, fundamental changes to the Immigration Rules were introduced, which start an extraordinary detail the criteria for granting asylum or humanitarian protection in the UK. The new Rules are based on Council Directive 2004/83/EC (the 'Qualification Directive' which is inserted in domestic law by the Refugee or Person in Need of International Protection (Qualification) Regulations 2006 (SI 2525/2006). The new provisions in Immigration Act, 2014: Previously section 19 of Immigration Act leads frustration to the Government of UK. The main issue was relating to the deportation of foreign criminals. The new provision in 2014 Act indented to indicate this problem. The provision of Public interest is the area of attraction. The Government can take decision regarding the deportation if it involves the question of public interest. The new legislation claims that it is in the public interest that there should be an efficient system of immigration management, along with that its better that the immigrants can speak English and they must be financially independent. The Act says that importance should be preserved to private life and relationships that is established by an individual at a time when that individual is in the United Kingdom without authorization. The new provisions are more rigid in relation to foreign criminals. The public interest must be taken into consideration in case of deportation. The more serious offence involves more question of public person. The Act creates a difference between the persons who are sentence for 4 years and more and person who gets the sentence less than 4 years. There are two exceptions for the deportation of criminals whose punishment is less than 4 years. Firstly, the individual has been lawfully resident in the United Kingdom for maximum span of his life. Along with that he is socially and culturally incorporated towards the nation, and there would be very prominent obstacles to his incorporation into the country to which he is going to be deported. Secondly, the individual has a authentic relationship with a qualifying partner, with a qualifying child, parents and the deportation affects the partner or child very cruelly. Non- Refoulement: The foundation of international refugee is the principle of non-refoulement. This is measured as a very important right under international human rights law. The duty of non-refoulement (Art 33 of CSR 1951) directs States not to return refugee to areas where his or her life would be at danger. The convention is the concept of non-refoulement i.e. the prohibition of remove a refugee and compels to return to a country where his life or freedom would be in danger on account of his race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion. Conclusion: The harmonization between state and international law is very much necessary. Otherwise people will suffer the problem. UKs new law, The Immigration Act, 2014 somehow lesser the controversy with Art.8 of the convention. Now the prime point to determine before deportation is public interest. . Right to private life and family life is given importance by the immigrations laws. 3. Asylum application for Burian To Office in charge Asylum Screening Unit of United Kingdom Croydon, United Kingdom Application for asylum Dear officer, I represent Burain, a citizen of Ukraine who lived in Sebastopol till 2013. He is an eligible and deserving candidate for asylum under section Article 3 of EU convention on human right 1950, article 33 of convention on the statue of Refugees 1951 and Article 15(c) of the EU Refugee Qualification Directive 2004. On this behalf I submit this memorandum and other supplement document in support of his application of asylum. Factual Summary: Burain is a Ukraine National who lived in Sebastopol till 2013. He lived there with his family. In 2014 February; Russia started to send troops of military apparatus towardsUkraine. Russian backed rebel have expelled him from his village. He is homeless now. He feared that he will face danger of his life because he is ethnic Ukraine who at first confidentially supported Crimean independence from Ukraine. His brother and family supported pro Ukraine. But now they are missing. He is now fears that he may be targeted next because of the political view of this brother and family. For this above mention cause Burain seeks asylum in United Kingdom. Condition of Ukraine: Started from Crimean crisis, the military with unclear authorization intended to take control over the territory of Crimea.Putin originally denied the whole activity of Russia but afterward admitted it that Russian troops were influential in Crimea Now for the militant attacks in Ukraine disturb the life of the citizen and it also became dangerous for the people there. Applicable Laws Article 3 of EU convention on human right 1950 provides the prohibition of torture to the human being (Greer, 2006). In a famous case called Bamber Case it was happened that he was a UK prisoner and won an appeal to the European Court of Human Rights. He was sentenced for whole life without parole. The court said that it was a contravention to the Article 3 of European Convention of Human Rights 1950. UK government is now forced to review the sentence. Convention on the statue of Refugees 1951: According to the definition from of convention on the statue of Refugees 1951a refugee as is individual who due to fear of being victimized on the ground of race, faith, nationality, association of a social group or for observing a particular political opinion is unable or, is unwilling to return to his native place. This Article has a unique feature. It talks about the principle of non- refoulement. This protects the refugees right of protection against forceful return. This Article states that no state can expel or sent bact a refugee whose life is in danger at his own country or territory. The cause can be political or can be social or any other reason (Clayton, 2004). It is extensively established that the prohibition of forcible return is division of customary international law. It implies that the States that are not a party to the Refugee Convention, 1951, also obey the principle of non-refoulement. Therefore, it is clear that the States are also compelled under the Convention as well as customary international law to maintain the principle ofnon-refoulement. Whenever, this principle is in danger, UNHCR can take action by intervening with proper authorities, and if it thinks essential, can inform the public (Simeon, 2013). Asylum law in the UK: After Germany, United Kingdom is the most favorite target for asylum seekers. Asylum laws are considered to be the part of immigration law but it can be differentiate in other aspects. Refugee laws are mainly derived from the international laws but applicable domestically. Mainly it comes from United Nation CSR1951, amended in 1967. UK ratified this. Along with this several provisions of the European Human Rights Convention on Human Rights are relevant and have been the foundation for the European Court restructuring immigration decisions of State parties. The 1993 and 1996 Asylum and Immigration Acts marked as first open acknowledgment of the obligations of UK under Geneva Conventions. R (European Roma Rights Centre) v Immigration Officer at Prague Airport[2004]UKHL 55is a asylum case of UK relating to Article 33 of theConvention Relating to the Status of Refugees. The fact of the case is that Romas are the people who are the in more and more time refused to enter to the United Kingdom under the British rule and policy relating to immigration. If state officials determined that the passengers would seek asylum after they arrived, they immediately refused the entry. The ERRC brought this action against this kind of action alleging that it is a direct discrimination to a cluster of asylum seekers. Roma experience discrimination at their territory. The claimants argued that the Government, represented by Greenwood QC, was violating its international duties. TheCourt of Appeal could not find any discrimination. The House of Lords held the procedure was naturally and methodically biased and contrary tosection 1(1)(a) Race Relation Act, 1976.Roma were intentionally quest ioned because the officers had knowledge that generally all Czech asylum seekers were Roma. So, they were treated less sympathetically on racial grounds that are a direct contravention of domestic and international law. The main question raised in this occasion is that when there is single law then why a particular race will be treated less favorably. The ground discrimination was race. So this motive is totally void. The main object of legislation is to promote each persons equal right. There should not be any discrimination is the ground of race, sex, colour, creed etc. when the legislation itself is a non discriminatory one then it is unlawful on the part of the officials. But after different opinion of the judges the appeal was failed. The majority of the panel thought that there was no international law that is essentially required the Roma to be permitted into the country prior to they give application for asylum. The failure of the State to provide adequate protection to an a sylum seeker was an essential part to constitute maltreatment under Art.1A (2) Geneva Convention on the Status of Refugees 1951. EU Refugee Qualification Directive 2004 This Article also protects the right of the refugees. This Article talks about the condition of serious harm to a human being. According to this Article serious harm consist of death penalty of execution; secondly it includes inhumane and dangerous torture or punishment of the applicant from a country of origin (Vrachnas, 2005). Finally it includes serious and personal threats to a citizens life for the reason of random violence and attack in the country (Clayton, 2005). HJ (Iran) and HT (Cameroon) vSecretary of State for the Home Department In this case it was determined by theSupreme Court of the United Kingdomrelating to two individual who are the native ofIranandCameroon. They claimedasylumin theUnited Kingdomfor their homosexuality as the ground. The persons appeal was rejected previously on the ground that they could not face harassment in their own nation if they would hide their sexuality. Interventions were prepared by theEquality and Human Rights Commissionand theUnited Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Both of this Gay man of Iran and Cameroon arrived at UK but arrested by the police for using false passport. After that they claim asylum. It was held that the individual could not be likely to hide their sexual desire and that it was erroneous to apply prudence test in this situation. Both the cases then sent for reconsideration according to the recommendation given in judgment. Asylum in the United Kingdom is maintained by theUK Border Agency but they refused asylum in both cases. The Court of Appeal observed that theAsylum and Immigration Tribunalwas permitted to locate that HJ was likely to bear the requirement for prudence on his depart to Iran, so there was no case of asylum. The Court observed that HT also unable to prove the requirement for asylum. The Court held that on this basis both of them are entitled to return to their native country of origin. Grounds for application: Burains family believes in a particular political opinion so he can in danger if he returns to the country of origin. So he wants protection under article 33 of convention on the statue of Refugees 1951. There is an improved dependence on the ECHR in asylum cases. It can be stated that there is a risk the to the asylum seeker that they can be subjected to inhuman treatment which contrary to Article 3 and or his right to respect for his private and family life, his home will be violated which is contrary to Article 8 if he is returned to his country of origin . This is applicable to this case also. Burain is entitled to get asylum because he is entitled under Article 15(c) of the EU Refugee Qualification Directive 2004 Conclusion: After discussing all this matters it is proved that under Article 3 of EU convention on human right 1950, article 33 of convention on the statue of Refugees 1951 and Article 15(c) of the EU Refugee Qualification Directive 2004 Burain is entitled to claim asylum in UK because UK is a state party to all this conventions. For all this above mentioned cause and discussion, Burain respectfully requests to this authority for asylum. Respectfully Submitted Burain References:, (2015).Birmingham City Council v Clue [2010] EWCA Civ 460 (29 April 2010). [online] Available at: [Accessed 25 Mar. 2015]. Bell, B. (2014). Crime and immigration.IZAWOL. Birmingham City Council v. Clue[2010]EWCA (civ), p.460. Clayton, G. (2004).Textbook on immigration and asylum law. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Clayton, G. (2005). Review: UK Asylum Law and Policy: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives.Journal of Refugee Studies, 18(1), pp.126-127. Curtice, M. (2010). The European Convention on Human Rights: an update on Article 3 case law.Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 16(3), pp.199-206. Cvetic, G. (1987). Immigration Cases in Strasbourg: The Right to Family Life Under Article 8 of the European Convention.International Comparative Law Quarterly, 36(03)., (2015).Article 8 ECHR - Introduction. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Mar. 2015]. Elliott, M. (2014).The Immigration Act 2014: A sequel to the prisoner-voting saga?. [online] Public law for everyone. Available at: [Accessed 24 Mar. 2015]. Greer, S. (2006).The European Convention on Human Rights. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Hargreaves, S. (2001). UK government overhauls asylum procedures.The Lancet, 358(9292), p.1524. Harris, D., O'Boyle, M. and Warbrick, C. (1995).Law of the European Convention on Human Rights. London: Butterworths. Harvey, C. (2000).Seeking asylum in the UK. London: Butterworths. Harvey, C. (n.d.). Developments in UK Asylum Law and Policy.SSRN Journal. Mowbray, A. (2007).Cases and materials on the European Convention on Human Rights. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Ramji-Nogales, J., Schoenholtz, A., Schrag, P. and Kennedy, E. (2009).Refugee roulette. New York, N.Y.: New York University Press. Silver and others v. the united kingdom[1980]EHRR 3, p.475. Simeon, J. (2013).The UNHCR and the supervision of international refugee law. Cambridge University Press. Smith and Grady v United Kingdom[1999]EHRR 29, p.493. Storey, H. (2008). EU Refugee Qualification Directive: a Brave New World?.International Journal of Refugee Law, 20(1), pp.1-49. Vrachnas, J. (2005).Migration and refugee law. Cambridge [UK]: Cambridge University Press. WEHMEIER, N. and Press, O. (2015).Oxford University Press | Online Resource Centre | Notes on key cases. [online] Available at: [Accessed 24 Mar. 2015].